The summer holidays are over, the kids are back to school and the growing season is coming to a close.
Thankfully, there's still plenty of colour to be enjoyed in your garden from summer borders. And if the weather is mild, some summer plants and crops could continue for another month or more. So before the warm days are gone for another year, get outside and make the most of all the good work you’ve done in your garden over the last few months.
It might seem far away now, but colder weather will soon be here and now's the best time to prepare the lawn for when winter arrives.
First, mow the lawn before raking out any moss and weeds. Use a lawn rake, or for larger areas, we recommend a powered lawn raker to make easier work of it. Then mow the lawn again - this time at right angles to how you did it last time (as if you were trying to make a grid). This ensures that you cut off all the creeping grasses and weeds that have been raised by raking.
Next, aerate your lawn by spiking it all over. This helps to alleviate areas of compacted soil and improves drainage before the heavy autumnal rainfall arrives. Use either a garden fork, pushing it down about 8 to 10 centimetres (cm) into the surface of the lawn, or an aerator which is designed for this task.
Finish up by feeding the grass with a good autumn formula lawn feed. Be sure to buy the right feed for the time of year – any leftover spring lawn feed isn’t suitable and may do more harm than good.
For more seasonal lawn care tips, head to our helpful guide.
As soon as summer bedding plants stop producing flowers, it's time to start readying the garden for some winter and spring colour.
Remove summer bedding from beds, borders, hanging baskets and containers and prepare to plant up winter bedding. We love the striking colour of winter-flowering pansies (pictured) – especially the bicoloured varieties. Fork over the beds, working in some compost or well-rotted manure and add a little fertiliser (following the instructions on the container), before adding winter bedding into the gaps.
Make sure the plants are kept well watered while they find their feet. We recommend adding mulch (such as bark chippings) to the surface of beds and borders to help new plants survive over winter. It's great for suppressing weeds, retaining moisture during dry spells, insulating against cold temperatures and protecting any root systems or crowns that may be vulnerable.
Now's also the time to get planting your spring-flowering bulbs, like hyacinths, tulips (Tulipa) and bluebells (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), for maximum impact come March. When selecting bulbs, pay attention to their size - the larger the bulb, the larger and taller the flowers. Also look for firm, hard flesh with a dry skin. And if the bulb is beginning to sprout, check that the young shoots are white or green.
To find out more, read our advice on planting spring-flowering bulbs.
Don’t delay clearing leaves until the end of autumn – if left on your lawn for long periods, they'll reduce the amount of light that reaches the grass and make it turn yellow. Avoid this by clearing the leaves frequently, a little at a time.
A lawn rake is fine for large, flat areas of lawn but impractical for borders, so consider investing in a garden vacuum. If you use it on shredder mode, the leaves will rot down much more quickly when composted – add them to your compost bin in thin layers along with other organic matter.
For more on which garden vacuum or leaf blower to buy, check out our helpful buying guide.
Trees - Autumn brings strong winds, so give newly-planted trees all the support they need by staking them. This will prevent rocking damage, which can uplift and destroy their root anchorage, or even cause them to snap. Instead of using a single, vertical stake, we recommend an angled one. This will allow the tree to move in the breeze instead of staying totally rigid - ideal as swaying has been proven to promote trunk growth.
In very windy, or exposed areas use a double stake. Two stakes are hammered into the ground, side by side, and one or two horizontal braces are then screwed to them. Then tie the tree to the braces.
Climbers, clematis and climbing roses - These all need a frame to grow up when they put on new growth in the spring, and it’s often easier to erect the structure now, as they've reached the end of their growing season. Frames come in different shapes, which define the direction that your plants grow in. Popular options include:
Continue to harvest and enjoy plenty of delicious homegrown vegetables, such as onions and shallots, French and runner beans, salad crops, spinach, cabbages and more. September marks the last month for sowing any outside seeds, so be sure to get any last radish or lettuce seeds planted before the weather gets too cold.
Late crops of salads, courgettes or any other plants that are still in the ground should be covered with horticultural fleece. Leave tomatoes on the plants until the end of the month – then pick all remaining fruit and bring them indoors to ripen on a windowsill.
When it comes to fruit, you can start picking the first autumn-fruiting raspberries, as well as tree fruits like apples (pictured) and Conference pears (these will be ready towards the end of the month). Be sure to harvest these as they ripen. To find out if apples and pears are ready to be picked, gently twist a fruit growing on the tree. If the fruit comes away easily, it's ready.